May Labour Day: What is International Workers’ Day?

International Workers’ Day, also known as Labour Day in some countries, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement, socialists, communists, and anarchists which occurs every year on May Day (1 May), an ancient European spring festival. The date was chosen for International Workers’ Day by the Second International, a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties, to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886. The 1904 International Socialist Conference in Amsterdam, the Sixth Conference of the Second International, called on “all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace.”

Being a traditional European spring celebration, May Day is a national public holiday in several European countries. The date is currently celebrated specifically as “Labour Day” or “International Workers’ Day” in the majority of countries, including those that didn’t traditionally celebrate May Day. Some countries celebrate a Labour Day on other dates significant to them, such as the United States, which celebrates Labor Day on the first Monday of September. It should be noted that workers get only one day to celebrate – capitalist get all the rest.

1st of May

United States

In the United States, efforts to switch Labor Day from September to 1 May have not been successful. In 1921, following the Russian Revolution of 1917, 1 May was promoted as “Americanization Day” by the Veterans of Foreign Wars and other groups in opposition to communism. It became an annual event, sometimes featuring large rallies. In 1949, Americanization Day was renamed to Loyalty Day. In 1958, the U.S. Congress declared Loyalty Day, the U.S. recognition of 1 May, a national holiday; that same year, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower proclaimed 1 May Law Day as well.

United Kingdom

May Day activities (from 1978) are on the first Monday of the month. In the United Kingdom in recent years, the anti-capitalist movement has organised a number of large protests in London, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Doncaster. In London, these have resulted in clashes with the police. In 2000, the clashes ended with a branch of McDonald’s being smashed, and a statue of Winston Churchill being given a grass Mohawk hairstyle. The Cenotaph was also defaced with graffiti. In the last few years, demonstrations have been more peaceful, with marches and gatherings, particularly in central London. The Conservative-led coalition government in March 2011 announced plans to move the May Day bank holiday to October to lengthen the tourist season, although as of 2017 nothing had come of this. A London rally on May Day is organised by the London May Day Organising Committee (LMDOC).

international-workers-day-1

Germany

In April 1933, the recently installed Nazi government declared 1 May the “Day of National Work,” an official state holiday, and announced that all celebrations were to be organised by the government. Any separate celebrations by communists, social democrats or labour unions were banned. After World War II, 1 May remained a state holiday in both East and West Germany. In communist East Germany, workers were de facto required to participate in large state-organised parades on May Day. Today in Germany it is simply called “Labour Day” (Tag der Arbeit), and there are numerous demonstrations and celebrations by independent workers’ organisations. Today, Berlin witnesses yearly demonstrations on May Day, the largest organised by labour unions, political parties and others by the far left and Autonomen

Macedonia

In Macedonia, 1 May (Macedonian: Ден на Трудот) is an official public holiday. People celebrate with friends and family at traditional picnics across the country, accompanied by the usual outdoor games, various grilled meats and beverages.

MayDay

 

 

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Happy Easter 2017! Why do we always celebrate Easter on Sunday?

It is the time of year when chocolate eggs and bunnies are beginning to fill supermarket shelves and many people’s thoughts are turning to the religious story that started off Easter .

For many, the first bank holiday weekend of the year – with four straight days off work – will have a particular appeal.

But Easter is that most confusing of dates – one that is never fixed and changes according to the lunar calendar.

Perhaps you’re planning a break with the family or a weekend visiting friends. Or maybe you’re just looking forward to spending a long weekend relaxing at home.

Or maybe you are wondering what the religious origin of Easter actually is and what happened during Holy Week – Good Friday to Easter – to warrant us all marking it.

Easter  or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c. 30 AD. It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus, preceded by Lent (or Great Lent), a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.

Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as “Holy Week”—it contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday, commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. In Western Christianity, Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts seven weeks, ending with the coming of the fiftieth day, Pentecost Sunday. In Eastern Christianity, the season of Pascha begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the fortieth day, the Feast of the Ascension.

What are the key dates for Easter 2017?

Palm Sunday : April 9

Maundy Thursday: April 13

Good Friday April 14

Holy Saturday: April 15

Easter Sunday: April 16

Easter Monday: April 17

So why does the date for Easter change every year?

Easter is a Christian feast day – these are significant days in the life of Jesus Christ or saints. Unlike most days in the Christian calendar, Easter does not have a fixed date.

Easter feast days are moveable days, in that they don’t fall on a fixed date in the normal Gregorian or Julian calendars, which follow the cycle of the sun.

Easter instead is determined by the lunar calendar, which is based on the phases of the moon.

Easter is scheduled to fall on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the Spring Equinox around April 14.

The Spring, or March, Vernal Equinox is the moment the sun crosses the celestial equator – the imaginary line in the sky above the Earth’s equator – from south to north.

So, in Western Christianity, Easter will always fall between March 22 and April 25.

What is Maundy Thursday?

This year it fell on April 13, but in Jesus’ time it was the time of Passover – a Jewish celebration. It was because of Passover that the disciples and Jesus were sharing a meal together. The tradition was to have roast lamb (hence the tradition for Easter lamb today), bread and wine. It was Jesus last meal before he was killed, which is why it’s now called The Last Supper.

Jesus’ actions during the dinner have a crucial role in Christianity. During the meal he’s said to have taken the bread and wine and offered them to the disciples saying they were his body and blood. This is now emulated in Mass and services today in remembrance of what happened.

Maundy comes from Latin and means ‘to command’ – this is because Jesus ‘commanded’ them to think of him when they broke bread and wine together after he was killed. Now this is known in Church services as Communion.

What is Good Friday?

Good Friday is what Lent has been building up to – Jesus’ death. It may seem strange to call a day someone died as ‘good’ but at the time it really meant ‘holy’. Christians remember how Jesus was flogged and taken, as he carried the cross, to the hillside where he was crucified with two criminals, even though he had done nothing wrong.

He was nailed to the cross there and left to die. This is why a cross is used as a symbol of the Christian faith.

What is Easter Sunday?

It’s the most important day of the church year for Christians. It is when they believe Jesus rose from the dead three days after he was killed. It is often called the ‘resurrection’. The Bible says the women returned to the tomb and found it open, they were told to go and tell the disciples ‘He is Risen’ – the he being Jesus. It is only later, when Jesus is on the road and joins the disciples walking that he crops up again. In the Bible it says when they’re all gathered Jesus reveals himself to them, and doubting Thomas touches his wounds as proof of who he is.

Related image

What’s that got to do with eggs?

Eggs are often associated with Easter because they are a symbol of new life and fertility. Early Christians adopted them as a symbol of New Life, as it helped them remember Jesus’ resurrection. They can also be seen to represent Spring and celebrate rebirth and reinvigoration after the harshness of winter.

Eggs were used by Persians and Egyptians to celebrate New Year, which for them was in the Spring time. They would color the eggs and then eat them. In Europe, the colored eggs were seen as house decorations. In Eastern European countries they’re painted with patterns, which often hold meaning and tell the Easter story.

Wishing you a very Happy Easter that is filled with plenty of love and happiness.

 

 

Guess which forest animal it is?

GAMES AND TESTS FOR THIS VOCABULARY UNIT

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Play very interesting games and upgrade your knowledge.

Task

Match the words to the marked animals on the picture.

Where do animals live?

Homes of Animals

Here we will learn about the homes of animals. We know, some animals live on land like lion, bear, elephant, horse, etc. Some animals live on trees like monkey, squirrel, etc. Some animals live in water like fish, octopus, whale, etc. Some animals live on land as well as in water like crocodile, tortoise frog, etc.

Like us, all animals need shelter to live in. A shelter protects them from heat, cold, rain and enemies. Their shelters are their homes. Different animals live in different kinds of homes. Some animals make their own homes.

Homes of bird: Birds make nests to live in with straw, twigs, leaves, cotton, etc. Sparrow, tailor bird, woodpecker and weaverbird make their own nests.

Home of rabbit: Rabbit dig burrows to live in.

Home of mouse: Mouse dig holes to live in.

Home of spider: Spider spins a cobweb to live in.

Home of honey-bee and savage-bee: Honey-bees and savage-bees make hives to live in.

Home of lion: A lion lives in den.

Home of snake: A snake lives in a hole.

We make homes for domestic animals.

Home of cow: We make sheds for cows.

Home of dog: We make kennels for dogs.

Home of horse: We make stables for horses.

Home of fish: We make aquariums for fish.

Home of hen: We make coops for hen.

GAMES AND TESTS FOR THIS VOCABULARY UNIT

Challenge your English skills!

Play very interesting games and upgrade your knowledge.

Task

Guess where the animal lives?

The plural of nouns in English

What is a Plural Noun

The answer is a relatively easy one, as grammar goes. A plural noun is a word that indicates that there is more than one person, animal place, thing, or idea. When you talk about more than one of anything, you’re using plural nouns. When you write about more than one of anything, you usually use the same word, simply adding an s, es, or ies to the end. There are a few exceptions to this rule, but not many – one of the best is that a single moose is a moose, and a group of moose are still moose.

Singular and Plural Nouns

The difference between singular and plural nouns is easy to spot. When a noun indicates one only, it is a singular noun. When a noun indicates more than one, it is plural.

Rules for plural of nouns

Singular Noun Examples

The following sentences contain singular nouns examples.

  1. The boy had a baseball in his hand.
  2. My horse prefers to wear an English saddle.
  3. That cat never seems to tire of jumping in and out of the box.
  4. You stole my idea and didn’t give me any credit.
  5. Your mom is going to be upset about that broken lamp.
  6. It’s not difficult to grow a tree as long as you give it plenty of water.
  7. I can’t believe you let your dog stick his head out the window while you drive.

Plural Noun Examples

The following sentences contain plural noun examples.

  1. The boys were throwing baseballs back and forth between bases.
  2. Our horses are much happier wearing lightweight English saddles.
  3. Those cats never seem to tire of chasing one another in and out of those boxes.
  4. You stole my ideas and didn’t give me any credit.
  5. Our moms are going to be upset that we stayed out all night going to parties.
  6. It’s not too difficult to grow trees as long as you provide them with plenty of water.
  7. I can’t believe you allow your dogs to climb all over the seats while you are driving.

GAMES AND TESTS FOR THIS VOCABULARY UNIT

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Top Five Wild Animals

Top Five Wild Animals

The Top Five

1. Lion 

Lion

Lion

The lion is one of the big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. The commonly used term African lion collectively denotes the several subspecies in Africa.

Lion is a very beutiful animal as compared to other animals.

A big strong cat that is as smart as a human.

What other should be besides LION KING?

Lions are friendly and very strong

2. Wolf

WolfOften in/from packs, Wolves are carnivorous Canines that come in various colours and breeds, and have evolved to Dogs. Some breeds of Wolves are, like Dogs, domesticated, to become a Working Dog.

Strong, sneaky, sleek, elegant and strong, wolves are the ultimate hunter- and they are endangered.

Wolves are the ultimate wild animals. They’re nature’s perfect predator.

Wolves are bulk, fast animals that hunt in packs, my favorite by far.

Wolves are the most amazing and beautiful creatures to ever live. They are strong and tough and cool.

3. Eagle

EagleEagle is a common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae; it belongs to several groups of genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other. Eagles are also one of America’s national symbols.

Screech! These big birds are very wise animals. America has made a great decision to make the bald eagle it’s national animal. EAGLE FACT:Although many eagle populations are dwindling as a result of habitat destruction, hunting, and pollution, conservation efforts are helping some species such as the Bald Eagle which has made a dramatic comeback in the U.S. over the last few decades.

They are brave and supernatural vision power and killer bird ever. But when its become friendly it give you a eagle eye of freedom.

The eagle is one of the fastest birds on earth and it is big and strong. Also it traps it’s prey in a snap! This animal has really clever techniques to mostly do anything!

4. Giraffe

GiraffeThe giraffe is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest living terrestrial animal and the largest ruminant.

Giraffes are beautiful animals and they shall be allowed to Rome the world and be free from danger.

They can kick of a lions head that shows how strong they are.

5.Turtle

Turtle

Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield. “Turtle” may refer to the order as a whole (American English) or to fresh-water and sea-dwelling testudines (British English).

Turtles are ectotherms—animals commonly called cold-blooded—meaning that their internal temperature varies according to the ambient environment. However, because of their high metabolic rate, leatherback sea turtles have a body temperature that is noticeably higher than that of the surrounding water.

GAMES AND TESTS FOR THIS VOCABULARY UNIT

Challenge your English skills!

Play very interesting games and upgrade your knowledge.

Task

Guess the word of the wild animal.
Wild animals game: Hangman

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What kind of food we eat?

Food Vocabulary

BUILD UP

Masculine Feminine Young
cow Bull Cow Calf
sheep Ram Sheep Lamb
pig Boar Sow Piglet
hen Cockerel Hen Chicken
Commonly Eaten Types of Fish
Salmon
Cod
Plaice
Haddock
Trout
Types of Steak
Fillet
Rump
Sirloin
T-Bone
Stewing
Things to do with eggs
egg(s) egg
boiled egg(s) boiled egg
scrambled egg(s) scrambled egg
fried egg(s) fried egg

NATURALLY SPEAKING

Uncountable Nouns

A lot of food is made up of uncountable nouns, to make them countable you need to put them in another form.

For example:-

“A …… of ……”.=”A piece of fruit.”

Here is a list of some of the uncountable nouns in this quarter’s vocabulary and some ways to make them countable.

asparagus A bunch of asparagus.
beef A slice of beef.
bread A slice of bread.
broccoli A piece of broccoli.
butter A pat of butter.
corn An ear of corn.
fruit A piece of fruit.
garlic A bulb of garlic.
honey A pot of honey.
jam A jar of jam.
lamb A leg of lamb.
pepper A pot of pepper.
pork A joint of pork.
rice A grain of rice.
salt A pinch of salt.
spaghetti A strand of spaghetti.
sugar A cube of sugar.

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It’s April Fools’ Day

April Fools’ Day: Origin and History

April Fools’ Day (sometimes called All Fools’ Day) is celebrated every year on April 1 by playing practical jokes and spreading hoaxes. The jokes and their victims are called April fools. People playing April Fool jokes expose their prank by shouting April Fool. Some newspapers, magazines, and other published media report fake stories, which are usually explained the next day or below the news section in small letters. Although popular since the 19th century, the day is not a public holiday in any country.

Origins

The custom of setting aside a day for the playing of harmless pranks upon one’s neighbor is recognized everywhere. ]Some precursors of April Fools’ Day include the Roman festival of Hilaria.

In Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (1392), the “Nun’s Priest’s Tale” is set Syn March bigan thritty dayes and two. Modern scholars believe that there is a copying error in the extant manuscripts and that Chaucer actually wrote, Syn March was gon.[3] Thus the passage originally meant 32 days after March, i.e. 2 May, the anniversary of the engagement of King Richard II of England to Anne of Bohemia, which took place in 1381. Readers apparently misunderstood this line to mean “32 March”, i.e. April 1. In Chaucer’s tale, the vain cock Chauntecleer is tricked by a fox.

In 1508, French poet Eloy d’Amerval referred to a poisson d’avril (April fool, literally “Fish of April”), a possible reference to the holiday. In 1539, Flemish poet Eduard de Dene wrote of a nobleman who sent his servants on foolish errands on April 1. In 1686, John Aubrey referred to the holiday as “Fooles holy day”, the first British reference. On April 1, 1698, several people were tricked into going to the Tower of London to “see the Lions washed”.

In the Middle Ages, New Year’s Day was celebrated on March 25 in most European towns. In some areas of France, New Year’s was a week-long holiday ending on April 1. Some writers suggest that April Fools’ originated because those who celebrated on January 1 made fun of those who celebrated on other dates. The use of January 1 as New Year’s Day was common in France by the mid-16th century, and this date was adopted officially in 1564 by the Edict of Roussillon.

In the Netherlands, the origin of April Fools’ Day is often attributed to the Dutch victory at Brielle in 1572, where the Spanish Duke Álvarez de Toledo was defeated. “Op 1 april verloor Alva zijn bril.” is a Dutch proverb, which can be translated to: “On the first of April, Alva lost his glasses.” In this case, the glasses (“bril” in Dutch) serve as a metaphor for Brielle. This theory, however, provides no explanation for the international celebration of April Fools’ Day.

Check the most interesting April Fools’ Day Pranks.

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Long standing customs

United Kingdom

In the UK, an April Fool joke is revealed by shouting “April fool!” at the recipient, who becomes the “April fool”. A study in the 1950s, by folklorists Iona and Peter Opie, found that in the UK, and in countries whose traditions derived from the UK, the joking ceased at midday. A person playing a joke after midday is the “April fool” themselves.

In Scotland, April Fools’ Day was traditionally called ‘Huntigowk Day’, although this name has fallen into disuse. The name is a corruption of ‘Hunt the Gowk’, “gowk” being Scots for a cuckoo or a foolish person; alternative terms in Gaelic would be Là na Gocaireachd ‘gowking day’ or Là Ruith na Cuthaige ‘the day of running the cuckoo’. The traditional prank is to ask someone to deliver a sealed message that supposedly requests help of some sort. In fact, the message reads “Dinna laugh, dinna smile. Hunt the gowk another mile.” The recipient, upon reading it, will explain he can only help if he first contacts another person, and sends the victim to this next person with an identical message, with the same result.

In England a “fool” is known by different names around the country, including a “noodle”, “gob”, “gobby” or “noddy”.

Ireland

In Ireland it was traditional to entrust the victim with an “important letter” to be given to a named person. That person would then ask the victim to take it to someone else, and so on. The letter when finally opened contained the words “send the fool further”.

Poland

In Poland, prima aprilis (“1 April” in Latin) is a day in which many jokes are told; various hoaxes are prepared by people, media (which sometimes cooperate to make the “information” more credible) and even public institutions. Serious activities are usually avoided. This conviction is so strong that the anti-Turkish alliance with Leopold I signed on April 1, 1683, was backdated to March 31.

Nordic countries

Danes, Finns, Icelanders, Norwegians and Swedes celebrate April Fools’ Day (aprilsnar in Danish; aprillipäivä in Finnish). Most news media outlets will publish exactly one false story on April 1; for newspapers this will typically be a first-page article but not the top headline.

April fish

In Italy, France, Belgium, The Netherlands, and French-speaking areas of Switzerland and Canada, April 1 tradition is often known as “April fish” (poissons d’avril in French, aprilvis in Dutch or pesce d’aprile in Italian). This includes attempting to attach a paper fish to the victim’s back without being noticed. Such fish feature prominently on many late 19th- to early 20th-century French April Fools’ Day postcards. Many newspapers also spread a false story on April Fools’ Day, and a subtle reference to a fish is sometimes given as a clue.

India

In India, there have been numerous references to April Fools’ Day in both cinema and popular literature and people are jovially associated with the day. In Indian cinema, Hindi movie April Fool (1964 film) along with its title song is popular.

Romania

In Romania, an April Fool joke is revealed by shouting “Păcăleală de 1 Aprilie!” at the recipient, who becomes the “April fool”, which means “April 1 hoax!”

April Fools’ Day pranks

An April Fools’ Day prank in Boston’s Public Garden warning people not to photograph sculptures.

Main article: List of April Fools’ Day jokes

As well as people playing pranks on one another on April Fools’ Day, elaborate practical jokes have appeared on radio and TV stations, newspapers, web sites, and have been performed by large corporations. In one famous prank from 1957, the BBC broadcast a film in their Panorama current affairs series purporting to show Swiss farmers picking freshly-grown spaghetti, in what they called the Swiss Spaghetti Harvest. The BBC were later flooded with requests to purchase a spaghetti plant, forcing them to declare the film a hoax on the news the next day. On April Fools’ Day 2016, online football news channel Goal.com falsely reported that FC Barcelona winger Lionel Messi agreed to a €500 million deal to sign with Real Madrid for five years. The reporter’s name used in the article was “Lirpa Loof”, which is “April Fool” spelled backwards.

With the advent of the Internet and readily available global news services, April Fools’ pranks can catch and embarrass a wider audience than ever before.

Check these prank videos

GOOGLE WIND

To shoo away clouds from raining on Western Europe’s parade, the local team in The Netherlands unveiled Google Wind, a series of “machine learning” windmills that can blow away cloudy skies for another day. In the past, many of Google Cloud Platform’s April Fools’ jokes have been literal cloud-themed.

April Fools’ Day Pranks with Mark Rober

Comparable prank days

December 28, the equivalent day in Spain and Hispanic America, is also the Christian day of celebration of the “Day of the Holy Innocents”. The Christian celebration is a holiday in its own right, a religious one, but the tradition of pranks is not, though the latter is observed yearly. After somebody plays a joke or a prank on somebody else, the joker usually cries out, in some regions of Hispanic America: Inocente palomita que te dejaste engañar (“You innocent little dove that let yourself be fooled”).

In Mexico, the phrase is ¡Inocente para siempre! which means “Innocent forever!”. In Argentina, the prankster says ¡Que la inocencia te valga!, which roughly translates as a piece of advice on not to be as gullible as the victim of the prank. In Spain, it is common to say just ¡Inocente! (which in Spanish can mean “Innocent!”, but also “Gullible!”).

In Belgium, this day is also known as the “Day of the innocent children” or “Day of the stupid children”. It used to be a day where parents, grandparents and teachers would fool the children in some way. But the celebration of this day has died out in favour of April Fools’ Day.

Nevertheless, on the Spanish island of Minorca, Dia d’enganyar (“Fooling day”) is celebrated on April 1 because Menorca was a British possession during part of the 18th century. In Brazil, the “Dia da mentira” (“Day of the lie”) is also celebrated on April 1.

Reception

The practice of April Fool pranks and hoaxes is controversial. The mixed opinions of critics are epitomised in the reception to the 1957 BBC “Spaghetti-tree hoax”, in reference to which, newspapers were split over whether it was “a great joke or a terrible hoax on the public”.

The positive view is that April Fools’ can be good for one’s health because it encourages “jokes, hoaxes…pranks, [and] belly laughs”, and brings all the benefits of laughter including stress relief and reducing strain on the heart. There are many “best of” April Fools’ Day lists that are compiled in order to showcase the best examples of how the day is celebrated. Various April Fools’ campaigns have been praised for their innovation, creativity, writing, and general effort.

The negative view describes April Fools’ hoaxes as “creepy and manipulative”, “rude”, and “a little bit nasty”, as well as based on schadenfreude and deceit. When genuine news is published on April Fools’ Day, it is occasionally misinterpreted as a joke—for example, when Google, known to play elaborate April Fools’ Day hoaxes, announced the launch of Gmail with 1-gigabyte inboxes in 2004, an era when competing webmail services offered 4 MB or less, many dismissed it as a joke outright. On the other hand, sometimes stories intended as jokes are taken seriously. Either way, there can be adverse effects, such as confusion, misinformation, waste of resources (especially when the hoax concerns people in danger), and even legal or commercial consequences.

Difference between Present Simple and Present Continuous

Difference between Present Simple and Present Continuous

Form

Simple Present Present Progressive
infinitive
(3rd person singular: infinitive + ‘s’)

I speak
you speak
he / she / it speaks
we speak
they speak

form of ‘be’ and verb + ing

I am speaking
you are speaking
he / she / it is speaking
we are speaking
they are speaking

Exceptions
Exceptions when adding ‘s’ :

  • For can, may, might, must, do not add s.

    Example: he can, she may, it must

  • After o, ch, sh or s, add es.

    Example: do – he does, wash – she washes

  • After a consonant, the final consonant ybecomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)

    Example: worry – he worries
    but: play – he plays

Exceptions when adding ‘ing’ :

  • Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)

    Example: come – coming
    but: agree – agreeing

  • After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled.

    Example: sit – sitting

  • After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British English (but not in American English).

    Example: travel – travelling (British English)
    but: traveling (American English)

  • Final ie becomes y.

    Example: lie – lying

See also explanations on Simple Present and Present Progressive

 

Use

In general or right now?

Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now?

Simple Present Present Progressive
in general (regularly, often, never)

Colin plays football every Tuesday.

present actions happening one after another

First Colin plays football, then he watches TV.

right now

Look! Colin is playing football now.

also for several actions happening at the same time

Colin is playing football and Anne is watching.

Signal words
  • always
  • every …
  • often
  • normally
  • usually
  • sometimes
  • seldom
  • never
  • first
  • then
  • at the moment
  • at this moment
  • today
  • now
  • right now
  • Listen!
  • Look!
Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present:
be, have, hear, know, like, love, see, smell, think, want

Timetable / Schedule or arrangement?

Do you want to express that something is arranged for the near future? Or do you refer to a time set by a timetable or schedule?

Simple Present Present Progressive
action set by a timetable or schedule

The film starts at 8 pm.

arrangement for the near future

I am going to the cinema tonight.

Daily routine or just for a limited period of time?

Do you want to talk about a daily routine? Or do you want to emphasis that something is only going on for a limited (rather short) period of time?

Simple Present Present Progressive
daily routine

Bob works in a restaurant.

only for a limited period of time (does not have to happen directly at the moment of speaking)

Jenny is working in a restaurant this week.

Certain Verbs

The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present (not in the progressive form).

  • state: be, cost, fit, mean, suit

    Example: We are on holiday.

  • possession: belong, have

    Example: Sam has a cat.

  • senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch

    Example: He feels the cold.

  • feelings: hate, hope, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wish

    Example: Jane loves pizza.

  • brain work: believe, know, think, understand

    Example: I believe you.

  • Introductory clauses for direct speech: answer, ask, reply, say

    Example: “I am watching TV,“ he says.

Challenge your English skills!

Play very interesting games and upgrade your knowledge.

Fill in the empty fields with the correct form of the verb in Present Simple Tense or Present Continues.

Presents Simple vs Present Continuous

Difference between present simple and present continues

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Fruit or vegetable — Do you know the difference?

Fruit or vegetable

According to botanists (those who study plants) a fruit is the part of the plant that develops from a flower. It’s also the section of the plant that contains the seeds. The other parts of plants are considered vegetables. These include the stems, leaves and roots — and even the flower bud.

The following are technically fruits: avocado, beans, peapods, corn kernels, cucumbers, grains, nuts, olives peppers, pumpkin, squash, sunflower seeds and tomatoes. Vegetables include celery (stem), lettuce (leaves), cauliflower and broccoli (buds), and beets, carrots and potatoes (roots).

From a culinary standpoint, vegetables are less sweet — or more savory — and served as part of the main dish. Fruits are more sweet and tart and are most often served as a dessert or snack. Both fruits and vegetables can be made into juice for a refreshing beverage. Some fruits are “grains” or “nuts” or “seeds” — and are served accordingly.

Nutritionally speaking, fruits and vegetables are similar. Compared with animal products, they’re generally lower in calories and fat, but higher in fiber. Fruits and vegetables also contain health-enhancing plant compounds such as antioxidants. And they’re loaded with vitamins and minerals.

One serving (half a cup) of most fruits has a bit more calories than one serving of vegetables. Exceptions would be dense, starchy vegetables such as potatoes or beets.

One thing that is simple to understand about fruit and vegetables is that most people don’t eat enough of them. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, you should aim for two or more cups of fruit a day, and two and one-half cups of vegetables. The usual adult eats one cup of fruit and about one and a half cups of vegetables a day.

In 2009 no state met the Healthy People 2010 targets for fruit or vegetable consumption. In fact, there’s been a decline in consumption of fruit and vegetables. Between 1999 and 2008, the actual number of servings of fruit and vegetables declined by about 10 percent and 7 percent, respectively.

We also know that not eating enough fruits and vegetable plays a role in cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke and diabetes.

Fruit or vegetable — the simple fact is we should eat more of them. However, doing that doesn’t seem so simple. Something to chew on. What are your thoughts?

Challenge your English skills!

Play very interesting games and upgrade your knowledge.

Task

Here in this game you have to put the words in the correct field: Fruit or Vegetable.

Good luck with the English test.

Fruit or Vegetable

fruit and vegetables

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